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 2019-02-26 18:14:48 |  0 Comments  |  topsort

HDU - 4948 Kingdom 拓扑排序


Teacher Mai has a kingdom consisting of n cities. He has planned the transportation of the kingdom. Every pair of cities has exactly a one-way road.

He wants develop this kingdom from one city to one city.

Teacher Mai now is considering developing the city w. And he hopes that for every city u he has developed, there is a one-way road from u to w, or there are two one-way roads from u to v, and from v to w, where city v has been developed before.

He gives you the map of the kingdom. Hope you can give a proper order to develop this kingdom.


There are multiple test cases, terminated by a line "0".

For each test case, the first line contains an integer n (1<=n<=500).

The following are n lines, the i-th line contains a string consisting of n characters. If the j-th characters is 1, there is a one-way road from city i to city j.

Cities are labelled from 1.


If there is no solution just output "-1". Otherwise output n integers representing the order to develop this kingdom.


 2019-02-07 01:05:31 |  0 Comments  |  2-SAT tarjan topsort

BUPT校内训练&CodeChef - VRTXCOVR-Vertex Cover 2-SAT


You are given an undirected graph G = (V, E) containing N nodes and M edges. The nodes are numbered from 1 to N. A subset C of V is a vertex cover if for every edge (u, v) ∈ E, at least one of u and v belong to C. Note that C = V is always a vertex cover.
Consider a partition of V into two sets A and B. It is said to be a valid partition, if the following two conditions are satisfied: A should be a vertex cover. And for each i such that 1 ≤ i ≤ n/2, nodes 2i and 2i - 1 don't belong to the same set (i.e. one belongs to set A and the other to set B).
Determine if a valid partition exists. If it exists, provide an example of one valid partition.


The first line of the input contains a single integer T denoting the number of test cases. The description of T test cases follows.
The first line of each test case contains two space-separated integers N and M denoting the number of nodes and number of edges in the graph respectively.
Each of the following M lines contains two space-se

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